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Monday, December 7, 2015


December 6, 1185 - King Alfonso I Henriques “the CONQUEROR” of Portugal, Coimbra, Portugal died. He was the first King of Portugal. He was born on 25 June 1109. He was the first king of Portugal. He achieved the independence of the southern part of the Kingdom of Galicia, the County of Portugal, from Galicia's overlord, the King of León, in 1139, establishing a new kingdom and doubling its area with the Reconquista, an objective that he pursued until his death, in 1185, after forty-six years of wars against the Moors.
In 1184, in spite of his great age, he still had sufficient energy to relieve his son Dom Sancho, who was besieged in Santarém by the Moors. Afonso died shortly after, on 6 December 1185. The Portuguese revere him as a hero, both on account of his personal character and as the founder of their nation. There are mythical stories that it took 10 men to carry his sword, and that Afonso wanted to engage other monarchs in personal combat, but no one would dare accept his challenge.
He was an ancestor of King Edward II of England and of King James III of Scotland.
O'Callahan, Joseph F. A History of Medieval Spain. Cornell University Press. 1985. ISBN 0-8014-9264-5

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